One of hard rock's most respected bassists remains Tim Bogert, due to his influential work with such notable late-'60s/early-'70s outfits as Vanilla Fudge, Cactus, and Beck, Bogert & Appice. Born on August 27, 1944, in New York City, Bogert developed an interest in music at an early age, taking up piano at the age of eight, and saxophone five years later. After relocating to New Jersey, Bogert played sax in a local band called the Belltones, which later evolved into the Chessmen. The group was soon taken under the wing of disc jockey Allen Fredericks, who landed Bogert and company shows backing up such doo wop bands as the Shirelles, the Crest, the Earl, and the Doves. The sax became expendable in the group once surf music and the British Invasion hit in the early '60s, leading Bogert to switch to bass guitar.